Tags: 5 Year Business Plan OutlineAicd AssignmentEquitable AssignmentBusiness Plan LetterTemple University EssayMobile Site ThesisBest Resume Writing Services CalgaryWebsite Evaluation EssayBiblical Allusion Essay
The material for analysis consists of interview protocols (memorandums), video recordings, photographs, and a diversity of sources.These documents are evaluated and interpreted according to specific rules and criteria.Rosenthal used principles of the method of objective hermeneutics and the reconstructive analysis of Ulrich Oevermann, and the Gestalt and structure considerations proposed by Aron Gurwitsch and Kurt Koffka to develop a method for the reconstruction of biographical cases.
The most commonly used methods for data construction in biographical research is the biographical narrative interview (see Fritz Schütze) and/or open interviews.
Many use content analysis to analyze the biographical data.
The reception of this work was initially late due to linguistic barriers, but it was then absorbed and disseminated in the Social Science Research Council (SSRC). Another milestone in the development of biographical research was the analysis of the life course of delinquent youths written by Clifford R.
The biographical research approach formed an important foundation for the development of the Chicago School, which later influenced the symbolic interactionism and the work of sociologists such as Robert E. Shaw in 1930 After 1945, the interest in biographical research declined due to the success of quantitative methods and structural-functionalist theories.
The emergence of Sociology influenced an approach to biography that extended this notion beyond the individual dimension, such as the works of Alphons Silbermann on the life of the composer Jacques Offenbach and Norbert Elias on the life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The biographical method as a research approach to understand larger groupings was used as sociological material by Florian Znaniecki and William Isaac Thomas in the 1920s.The sociology turned to the reconstruction of biographical cases and individual life courses as a form to gain insight on social processes.With the increasing pluralization of life-worlds, modernization, and differentiation in Postmodern societies, the dissolution of traditional values and the conference of meaning, the biographical approach proved useful to study these social phenomena of the turn of the millennium.After their work, the biographical approach was considered amongst the dominant research approaches in empirical social research.The study The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1918–1920) by Znaniecki and Thomas used an extensive collection of diaries, letters, memoirs, autobiographies, and other personal and archival documents as main source for a sociological investigation.In this situation, the self-discovered biographical identity with its endangered transitions, breaks, and status changes becomes a conflict between institutional control and individual strategy.The reconstructive approach in biographical research, which is connected to the phenomenological and Gestalt approaches, was methodologically developed by the German sociologist Gabriele Rosenthal.Biographical research is a qualitative research approach aligned to the social interpretive paradigm of research.The biographical research is concerned with the reconstruction of life histories and the constitution of meaning based on biographical narratives and documents.The diversity of biographical sources turns an inductive approach, as used in quantitative social research, unfruitful.The logic of an abductive reasoning process is preferred by many researchers that use the biographical approach.