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From Ancient Greece to the late 19th century, rhetoric played a central role in Western education in training orators, lawyers, counsellors, historians, statesmen, and poets.Scholars have debated the scope of rhetoric since ancient times.
Different people have different opinions, of course, which often stem back to morality, cost, or personal judgement.
Most of these opinions boil down to one decision: “Should the death penalty be outlawed, or remain legal?
In "Gorgias", one of his Socratic Dialogues, Plato defines rhetoric as the persuasion of ignorant masses within the courts and assemblies.
Rhetoric, in Plato's opinion, is merely a form of flattery and functions similarly to cookery, which masks the undesirability of unhealthy food by making it taste good.
Because the ancient Greeks highly valued public political participation, rhetoric emerged as a crucial tool to influence politics.
Consequently, rhetoric remains associated with its political origins.” While both sides on the issue hold some amount of viability, the death penalty should be refused under all circumstances.Painting depicting a lecture in a knight academy, painted by Pieter Isaacsz or Reinhold Timm for Rosenborg Castle as part of a series of seven paintings depicting the seven independent arts. Rhetoric aims to study the capacities of writers or speakers needed to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.Neo-Aristotelians generally study rhetoric as political discourse, while the neo-Sophistic view contends that rhetoric cannot be so limited.The neo-Aristotelian view threatens the study of rhetoric by restraining it to such a limited field, ignoring many critical applications of rhetorical theory, criticism, and practice.Looking to another key rhetorical theorist, Plato defined the scope of rhetoric according to his negative opinions of the art.He criticized the Sophists for using rhetoric as a means of deceit instead of discovering truth.However, the enthymeme based upon logic (especially, based upon the syllogism) was viewed as the basis of rhetoric.However, since the time of Aristotle, logic has changed.Thus, Plato considered any speech of lengthy prose aimed at flattery as within the scope of rhetoric.Aristotle both redeemed rhetoric from his teacher and narrowed its focus by defining three genres of rhetoric—deliberative, forensic or judicial, and epideictic.