Someone close to the king had already tipped off Parliament that these men were about to be arrested and they had already fled to the safety of the city of London where they could easily hide from the king. If Charles was prepared to arrest five Members of Parliament, how many others were not safe?
Even Charles realised that things had broken down between him and Parliament.
Spain was still not considered a friendly nation to England and many still remembered 1588 and the Spanish Armada.
The marriage never took place but the damaged relationship between king and Parliament was never mended by the time James died in 1625.
As Charles was short of money to fight the Scots, he had to recall Parliament in 1640 as only they had the necessary money needed to fight a war and the required authority to collect extra money.
English Civil War Essays 2nd Grade Math Homework
In return for the money and as a display of their power, Parliament called for the execution of “Black Tom Tyrant” – the Earl of Strafford, one of the top advisors of Charles. Parliament also demanded that Charles get rid of the Court of Star Chamber.This caused great offence to those Members of Parliament who believed that they had the right to run the country.In 1621, James re-called Parliament to discuss the future marriage of his son, Charles, to a Spanish princess. If such a marriage occurred, would the children from it be brought up as Catholics?His conceit and arrogance were eventually to lead to his execution. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny. To raise money for the king, the Court heavily fined those brought before it. If they refused to do so, they were fined the same sum of money it would have cost for a title anyway!In 1635 Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money.Charles decided that everyone in the kingdom benefited from the navy’s protection and that everyone should pay.In one sense, Charles was correct, but such was the relationship between him and the powerful men of the kingdom, that this issue caused a huge argument between both sides.Only six days after trying to arrest the five Members of Parliament, Charles left London to head for Oxford to raise an army to fight Parliament for control of England. Nearing the end of his lectures, Guizot turns to the English Civil Wars (what he calls the “Revolution,” 1642-1651).James expected Parliament to do as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions.However, Parliament had one major advantage over James – they had money and he was continually short of it. This was one source of James income but Parliament told him that he could not collect it without their permission.