ESL students struggling to create engaging thesis statements and develop argumentative essays may be blocked by the gap between existing and expected educational schema.
Wolcott and Lynch’s 5-Stage method for developing critical thinking offers a route by which students can bridge these gaps.
Given that schema govern the interpretation of input, a gradual introduction of critical thinking methods to the ESL writer seems advisable (Mc Vee, Dunsmore, & Gavelek, 2005).
In order to bridge existing student schema to the US educational schema, for example, there must be a process of constructing, testing, and adjusting (Derry, 1996).
One possible explanation for this issue centers on differences in educational schema – many ESL students come from educational backgrounds that do not emphasize critical thinking in the same ways that American universities do (Mc Cargar, 1993).
For ESL instructors tasked with preparing their students for future argumentative writing assignments, it can be difficult to create a scaffold that effectively bridges existing student schema and the critical thinking underpinnings of the argumentative genre.These essays either add information indiscriminately in a chronological or ongoing ‘story’ format (the ‘And Then’), attempt to include an overabundance of encyclopedia-like information without any real overarching thesis (the ‘All About’), or simply ‘dump’ information in the hopes that the reader will make some organizational sense out of it (the ‘Data Dump’).Taken altogether, problem essays such as these point to an issue with framing gathered information.Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. It is the world's leading software suite for perfecting written English.Make worksheets from your own wordlists, or start with one shared by our members and customise it to suit your needs. These are among the best phonics worksheets, games, videos and flash cards you will find online. The has everything you need to help a child learn to read through phonics: decodable stories, listening exercises, you name it. The IIE (2017) further notes that these international students are heavily favoring business and STEM majors.These factors – educational background and area of concentration – suggest a general trend away from the humanities and the liberal arts, and therefore a lower level of familiarity with the critical thinking techniques practiced there.Access to society journal content varies across our titles.If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.