Essay Iran Nuclear

Essay Iran Nuclear-23
It is the conduit for about 40 percent of the world’s oil tanker traffic, and has been the recurrent backdrop of military bluster.Iran warned it could close the strait during its war with Iraq, which lasted from 1980 to 1988, and has periodically threatened to mine the waterway since.On April 18, 1988, the Americans sank three Iranian warships and destroyed two Iranian surveillance platforms in what was essentially a one-day war.

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The American Navy’s Fifth Fleet, which patrols the region from its base in Bahrain, has vowed to stop any menace to maritime traffic.

American and Iranian forces clashed in the strait repeatedly in 1988 after an Iranian mine damaged a Navy frigate.

Instead, the Iranians put the drone on display and later claimed to have reverse-engineered it to produce their own.

In January 2016, days before the nuclear deal was to take effect, the Iranian Navy captured 10 American sailors whose patrol boats had strayed into Iranian territorial waters in the Persian Gulf.

In December 2011, Iranian forces claimed to have downed a sophisticated American surveillance drone that had gone missing.

The United States said the drone had crashed and demanded Iran return it.Tensions have risen steadily since the beginning of the Trump administration.President Trump pulled the United States out of the nuclear deal last year, imposed oppressive sanctions, moved to cut off Iran’s oil exports and designated an Iranian military unit as a terror organization.Sanam Vakil, a senior research fellow in the Middle East and North Africa program at Chatham House, a London-based research group, said the Trump administration’s lack of understanding about Iran has only fanned the flames.“Something as simple as the very insulting language they use, which is political and by choice, is not language that works with the Islamic Republic of Iran,” she said.“There’s just very limited trust between both sides.”While some have compared the situation with Iran to the lead-up to the American invasion of Iraq, there are important differences.The Iranians took pictures of the sailors kneeling in surrender, in a move clearly meant to humiliate the United States.The sailors were released after 24 hours, and a Defense Department inquiry concluded that Navy blundering was to blame.Iran and Iraq have grown increasingly aligned in the years since Saddam Hussein’s ouster and the subsequent rise of a Shiite-led government.Once fierce adversaries, the most recent national elections saw Iraqi parties with links to the paramilitary Popular Mobilization Forces — an umbrella organization of about 50 paramilitary groups, many with ties to Tehran, which successfully fought against the Islamic State — gain even more power.The Americans said the crew mistook the plane for a fighter jet.Other confrontations were not lethal but were seen as embarrassing.


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