For all the technological progress, though, implementation remains a major challenge.
Schools and educators across the country continue to wrestle with the changing role of teachers, how to balance flexible and “personalized” models with the state and federal accountability requirements they still must meet, and the deeper cultural challenge of changing educators’ long-standing habits and routines.
State and federal lawmakers, meanwhile, have wrestled in recent years with the reality that new technologies also present new challenges.
The rise of “big data,” for example, has led to new concerns about how schools can keep sensitive student information private and secure.
Assessment allows both instructor and student to monitor progress towards achieving learning objectives, and can be approached in a variety of ways.
Formative assessment refers to tools that identify misconceptions, struggles, and learning gaps along the way and assess how to close those gaps. Understanding formative assessment: Insights from learning theory and measurement theory. Much attention is also paid to the “early adopters”—those districts, schools, and teachers who are making the most ingenious and effective uses of the new tools at their disposal.But a significant body of research has also made clear that most teachers have been slow to transform the ways they teach, despite the influx of new technology into their classrooms.Summative assessment can be used to great effect in conjunction and alignment with formative assessment, and instructors can consider a variety of ways to combine these approaches. Formative Assessment Ideally, formative assessment strategies improve teaching and learning simultaneously. There remains limited evidence to show that technology and online learning are improving learning outcomes for most students.And academics and parents alike have expressed concerns about digital distractions, ways in which unequal access to and use of technology might widen achievement gaps, and more.In short, formative assessment occurs throughout a class or course, and seeks to improve student achievement of learning objectives through approaches that can support specific student needs (Theal and Franklin, 2010, p. In contrast, summative assessments evaluate student learning, knowledge, proficiency, or success at the conclusion of an instructional period, like a unit, course, or program. Summative assessments are almost always formally graded and often heavily weighted (though they do not need to be). Assessing Teaching Practices and Effectiveness for Formative Purposes. What follows is an overview of the big trends, opportunities, and concerns associated with classroom technology.Links to additional resources are included in each section for those who would like to dig deeper.