Recently, they have even found a genetic marker that might indicate a propensity towards developing breast cancer.
While women cannot do anything about their genetics, they can take control over some of the known risk factors to provide a peace of mind about the medical future.
And if you've had breast cancer, you can get it again. Men can get breast cancer too, but it’s 100 times more likely to affect women. A woman who has had cancer in one breast, such as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or invasive breast cancer, is three to four times likelier to develop a new breast cancer, unrelated to the first one, in either the other breast or in another part of the same breast. About 77% of women diagnosed with breast cancer each year are over 50, and more than 40% are 65 and older. Having one first-degree relative with breast cancer roughly doubles your risk, and having two first-degree relatives triples your risk.
This is different than a recurrence of the previous breast cancer. In women ages 40 to 50, there is a 1 in 68 chance of developing breast cancer. Having a male blood relative with breast cancer will also increase the risk. About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are inherited.
Carriers of alterations in either of two genes, called BRCA1 or BRCA2, are at higher risk.
Women with an inherited alteration in the BRCA1 gene have a 72% chance of developing breast cancer by the time they’re 80.
It also means avoiding processed foods and other foods high in bad fats and unhealthy carbohydrates. The USDA recommends that all people eat based on the food pyramid, which can be customized to an individual’s lifestyle needs.
Certain estrogen therapies can also cause an increase in the risks of getting breast cancer.
There are also medical interventions that may aid in breast cancer prevention.
The most extreme of these medical interventions are prophylactic mastectomy and prophylactic oophorectomy.