It leaves the state with enough power to counteract abuses from any federal authority.Checks and balances also limit the power of the national executive, by ensuring the other branches of government, the legislature and judiciary, do not become more powerful than the other.The framers of the Constitution created a political system based on limited government.
In The Federalist paper number 10, James Madison expressed concern over the possibility that both majority and minority factions would have too much power over government, and he presented ways of minimizing that danger.
The United States Constitution established a democratic government but also contained several provisions that limited majority rule.
Each branch “checks” the power of the others to make sure power remains balanced.
The Establishment Clause is a provision in the Bill of Rights that prevents the national government from creating a national religion and taking any action that would show better treatment for one religion over another.
The House of Representatives where to be elected directly by the people and the Senate consisted of two members from each state to be chosen by the legislatures of each state.
With the two chambers the framers were able to prevent a majority rule and keep the balance between the larger and smaller states.
This also prevents the influence of politics on the decision to impeach a president.
This power that was granted to the United States Senate follows through with the House’s power to impeach a president.
Another provision in the Bill of Rights is the guarantee of a public trial. Anyone can watch, which limits the government’s ability to violate the rights of citizens.
Selective incorporation is a constitutional doctrine that ensures states cannot enact laws that take away the constitutional rights of citizens that are laid down in the Bill of Rights.