Essays On Psychodynamic Counselling

Like Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy uses the basic assumption that everyone has an unconscious mind (this is sometimes called the subconscious), and that feelings held in the unconscious mind are often too painful to be faced.

Thus we come up with defences to protect us knowing about these painful feelings.

Psychodynamic therapy, whilst firmly established in Freud&a...

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Counselling Psychodynamic therapy (or Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy as it is sometimes called) is a general name for therapeutic approaches which try to get the patient to bring to the surface their true feelings, so that they can experience them and understand them.

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Psychodynamic Theory and Counseling Practice Psychodynamic theory, also known as Freudian psychoanalysis was an original theory of human psychology introduced by Viennese psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) shortly before the turn of the 20 Century (Mitchell & Black, 1995). The theory here is that if an adult has not properly progressed through all the child development stages, the therapist may identify the particular stage(s) that are missing.Transference If we go back to our own beginnings, we will see that all of us develop ways of relating to others based on experiences with those who cared for us in our formative years.Those who forget history are doomed to repeat it, and this is the same for an individual.Though we may repress our very early experiences (thus we don't remember them) the theory is that the "ID" never forgets the experiences.A core principle in Freud's theories espoused that unpleasant or traumatic childhood experiences - if suppressed in the unconscious and denied by means of 'defence mechanisms' - could subsequently surface as inexplicable thoughts or behaviours in adult life (Geldard 1998: 12-13).Corey (1991: 96-99) succinctly describes the three systems that make up the 'structure of personality' as the 'biological (id), psychological (ego), and social' (super-ego), and that 'ego defence mechanisms' whilst having the potential to warp reality, are normal processes operating on an unconscious level to protect the ego from being 'overwhelmed'.Its central theoretical construct is that abnormal human psychology is the product of frustrations and other psychologically traumatizing experiences occurring very early in life. Infant, Mother, and Mother-Infant Interaction Behavior and Subsequent Attachment. According to Freud, the principal mechanism of psychological dysfunction was the suppression or repression of frustration and anger into the psychological subconscious and the subsequent re-emergence or expression of those reactions through perceptions and behaviors (Mitchell & Black, 1995). Finally, it will be demonstrated that both the psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural counselling theories, in the hands of trained, professional helpers, occupy important roles in the spectrum of counselling philosophies.An irrefutable element in contemporary psychological and counselling practices is the seminal work of Sigmund Freud, who originally conceptualised the notion of 'the unconscious' and its effect on human behaviour (Kovel 1987: 96-98).


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