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What finally convinces Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair? After hearing Cassio brag about sleeping with the “Moor’s lady” b. Iago steals it from Desdemona while she is sleeping d. What is the importance of the handkerchief in the play? It shows the differences between Desdemona, a rich Italian, and Othello, a black, foreign Moor of a different religion and background. Othello, as a character, is a prime example of this. Then he vaguely alleges that the Moor may have had a tryst with Emilia, which Emilia later denies, and which seems impossible, given that Emilia and Othello have the most openly adversarial relationship in the play. Thus, when he begins describing Desdemona to Montano, he does so in glowing terms, despite the fact that he has no romantic interest in Desdemona and appears to have little real knowledge of her. [Read More] It is also perfect because it permits Iago to draw Emilia into his schemes, whereby he can punish her for being unfaithful without dealing with whether or not his beliefs are true. In what ways does "reputation" become an element of the conflict with each of the four major characters? [Read More] Works Cited Aristotle, Poetics [online]. Thoroughly humiliated by his being passed over for a promotion by Cassio, Iago sets forth to plan the destruction of Othello and Cassio, and along the way has no qualms about killing Desdemonda, Roderigo, and even his own wife, Emilia. Iago, ironically, even uses the fact that Desdemona loved and married the Moor against her chastity, echoing Brabatino's rhyme: "She did deceive her father, marrying you" (3.3).
In Desdemona and Emilia’s conversation, what does Emilia say causes women to cheat on their husbands?
Who replaces Othello as a general at the end of the play?
Greek philosopher Aristotle defines a tragic hero as "a [virtuous or noble] person who is neither perfect in…… Retrieved From on 20 July, 2005 Othello as a "Moor" One term that is often disguised in the play but the reader finds out early is that Othello is a "Moor" or a black man in love with a white woman. Othello shares that destiny of reversal of fortune, i.e., "a change from bad fortune to good, or from good fortune to bad" (Aristotle, Poetics, Part VII, paragraph III).
Othello is categorized as a tragedy among Shakespeare's works and may further be classified as an Aristotelian tragedy as Othello appears to embody several characteristics that are attributed with being a tragic hero. Retrieved From on 20 July, 2005 Othello as a Tragic Hero. Oedipus is in fact both: someone of great stature at the beginning but reduced to being a much-unwanted exile at the end.
After Desdemona dies, Othello realizes he was wrong about her.
He decides to believe Iago because Iago is "honest". However, closer discernment of Shakespeare's characterization of Othello reveals that the Moor is not a truly Aristotelian tragic hero. Even before Othello can enjoy his wedding night with Desdemona, he must leave her for the military field, and the two are separated. [Read More] Works Cited The Riverside Shakespeare, 2nd Edition. Iago and Brabantio's attitudes toward people of color were very much in line with popular Elizabethan views of black people during Shakespeare's time. By the end of the play, Othello has become so suspicious and twisted by racism that he is unrecognizable, even to himself: "Is this the / noble Moor whom our full senate/Call all in all sufficient? (4.1) parallel situation for a Black athlete is not hard to imagine. Through the eyes of the varied characters, the audience can see that love is easily thrown about to mean a number of things; true love, a phrase that seems to be used only by one character -- or one character type -- hardly figures into the picture. "Modes of Irony in Othello." Shakespeare's Tragedies. The word appetite here refers to sexual urges and need for love. (1997) 'Shakespeare's Tragedies of Love', Cambridge Companion to Shakespearean Tragedy, UK: Cambridge University Press.Despite the fact that he is heroic, good at arms and a verifiable military leader, Othello has far too many flaws that contribute to his downfall. Othello cannot bear to look weak, and as for even a few nights with his bride before he begins to fight again. This is, for example, evident from Duke of Venice's attempt to defend Othello. Consider a young man, from the streets, who is thrust into a world of unimaginable fortune and fame, because of his physical gifts. "Shakespeare's Venetian paradigm: Stereotyping and sadism in 'The Merchant of Venice' and 'Othello." Papers on Language and Literature. In fact, the presence of a clever and vengeful Iago and that of the easily-duped Othello has covered the play with uses of love that are not what the readers usually attach to Desdemona's "true love." The Oxford Dictionary defines the word "love" in four different ways. Othello thinks that by betraying his trust, Desdemona has shown that her need for love was not met by Othello alone and then she needs to satisfy her urges by having an affair. Othello Of the alleged chief tragedies penned by Shakespeare, Othello has led to a certain degree of embarrassment. Greek theory of tragedy: Aristotle's Poetics academic.edu/english/melani/cs6/New York College.Tragic heroes are well-renowned individual with a wonderful set of virtues descended from decidedly noble lineages who are plagued by one (and only one) tragic flaw which is directly attributable to their demise (Aristotle, 2008). "Honest Othello: the handkerchief once more." Studies in English Literaute, 1500-1900. This is true even before Iago has begun to try to manipulate his mind. Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth. In analyzing the play for character then, it is important not to base one's interpretation of Othello solely on personal instinct or the image…… "Iago and the dialectic of enlightenment: reason, will and desire in Othello." Criticism 37.4. Iago seems to be searching for motivations to excuse his bad deeds, rather than to be motivated by malice alone, like a devil. For Desdemona, reputation is central to her conflict because the one thing she did that was contrary to her reputation, marrying Othello, is the one thing that gives him reason to believe that she would be unfaithful…… Therefore, Iago embodies a character of true evil, a man who premeditates…… [Read More] Othello and Love Love and Othello Love is a fleeting, passionate, agonizing, and steep theme to William Shakespeare's tragedies.Upon first read, Othello, the Moor of Venice, certainly appears to follow many of these conventions. After marrying Desdemona, Othello's first thoughts are of war: "The tyrant custom, most grave senators,/Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war/My thrice-driven bed of down" (I.3). Iago calls the Moor a devil: "Or else the devil will make…… [Read More] ithout magic, Brabantio argues, Desdemona would not have chosen "So opposite to marriage that she shunned" and would not "Run from her guardage to the sooty bosom, / of such a thing as thou -- to fear, not to delight" (1.2.66-70). "Betrayal, Violence of Shakespeare's Tragic 'Othello' Are Rejiggered Around High School Basketball in 'O'." Rev. [Read More] Othello is, indeed, unable to 'read' Iago fully, and is initially overly confident that his merit will transcend cultural barriers. "Othello, the Moor of Venice," Literature and the Writing Process. Edited by Elizabeth Mc Mahan, Susan X Day, and Robert Funk. Chief among these tragedies is Othello, which portrays the aspect of love in different ways. Othello loathes the idea of marriage which makes men believe that they have their wives faithful to them forever and also tricks them into believing that their "appetites" are also saved for their husbands alone. The interpretation and even the play's events might have been different if Othello was not black, however. Othello: Fool & Hero Every Shakespearean hero has his own unique qualities, whether those be virtue or savagery of the soul, a tragic turn to the character or a humorous nature. complains to Roderigo that he has been denied promotion because of Cassio's youth, breeding, and better name. Cassio's flaw is not as obvious in the beginning part of the play, but plays a major role in the downfall of Othello. Iago, on the other hand, suffers no reversal of fortune from a high place to a low one. During his conversation with Roderigo, Iago confesses his hatred of both Cassio and of Othello, his commanding officer of whom he says, "I follow him to serve my turn upon him," (I.1.42). New York: Longman, 2005 Iago paints for Othello not simply a negative picture of Desdemona, but of an entire society where men are cuckolded: "that cuckold lives in bliss/ho, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger... [Read More] Works Cited "Aristotle." Virginia Community College System. This is scandalous for the time Shakespeare wrote the play, and it still shocking today, and yet Shakespeare does not make the love affair between Othello and Desdemona shocking, he just makes it tragic. For example, Othello starts out as the Venetian Senate's choice to lead the Venetian Army at Cyprus, but in the end he is stripped of his position of military leadership (Cassio replaces him in Cyprus) and is then deposed (or would have been) from Cyprus, had he not first killed himself. Retrieved December 11, 2006, from: edu/Shakespeare/Othello The audience is aware of Iago's nefarious nature from the opening scene of Othello. Iago will help Roderigo win Desdemona from Othello d. What does Desdemona request Emilia to do just before her death? What does Cassio fear after his fight with Roderigo? Othello, The Moor of Venice There are a number of very specific literary conventions that a dramatic work must have to adhere to Aristotle's multi-faceted definition of a tragedy. They were too different to ever really understand each other, and that is one reason Othello found it so…… He may be seen, in differing productions, as a villainous and barbarous fellow and as a savage, or he may be the innocent and naturally gentle victim of the serpentine Iago. "Emblems of folly in the first Othello: renaissance blackface, moor's coat, and 'muckender'. Iago may be one of the most ambiguous characters in all of Shakespeare (hite 283). For Othello, reputation becomes an element of conflict because he is proud and has a certain reputation to uphold, which is threatened by the idea of his wife being unfaithful. Never once does Iago show the slightest hint of humanity, sadness, or remorse. However, Iago adds a terrifying, seemingly strange reading of Othello's wooing with words of Othello's military deeds: "And when she seem'd to shake and fear your looks, / She loved them most" (3.3).One of the principle components of this definition is that a tragedy chronicles the downfall of a tragic hero. [Read More] Othello has used military service to prove he is not a savage to white leaders, but his reliance upon the counsel of military officers and his over-valuing of military decision-making and life makes him descend into savagery. Either interpretation would be fair, for the play proposes so many different ways of looking at him through the eyes of the other characters that one would be justified in drawing any number of conclusions about the way he should be acted. A Routledge Literary Sourcebook on William Shakespeare's Othello. Iago seems to know that he is condemned to hell -- even in the first scene, he has a premonition of his damnation: "Though I do hate him as I do hell-pains" (I.1.161). For Iago, reputation is what drives his actions; jealousy of Cassio has caused him to lash out against the Moor, because Iago believes he should be held in higher esteem than Cassio. He never catches himself or comes to terms with the core feelings that drive his murderous scheming. In other words, women really crave a strong military man who is violent towards their bodies, rather than a tender and loving man who is respectful……