This involves determining what the key points of a publication are in relation to your topic and using your own words to tell your readers about them briefly, but also clearly, comprehensively and objectively.
• Use quotation marks to enclose any passages that you directly quote from a source, or, if the passage is long, set it off in a block or displayed quotation format.
Citation software may prove helpful for organising and managing this information.
• Consult several sources on a topic to obtain a wider perspective and develop your own thoughts and conclusions.
• Record the bibliographical information for every source you consult.
Be accurate and thorough, and ensure that this information appears along with your notes on each source.
• Read the sources you intend to use in a research paper carefully and repeatedly to ensure that you understand the meaning.
Only if you thoroughly understand the research you are reading will you be able to use it to support your own work in an effective scholarly manner.
In other words, because the reader cannot discern whether the absence of a citation was done deliberately or you simply forgot, it is important to review your paper before you submit it to ensure you have listed all sources used during your research.
This is why it is important to keep track of everything you have used during the course of writing your paper so you can easily assess whether all your sources have been cited properly.