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The hypotheses should flow logically out of everything that’s been presented, so that the reader has the sense of, “Of course.This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented.” When incorporating references into your intro, you do not necessarily need to describe every single study in complete detail, particularly if different studies use similar methodologies.
When an idea is complex, don’t be afraid to use a real-life example to clarify it for your reader.
The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses.
•Title should be between 10-12 words and should reflect content of paper (e.g., IV and DV).
•Title, your name, and Hamilton College are all double-spaced (no extra spaces) •Create a page header using the “View header” function in MS Word.
It should be obvious to the reader why you’re including a reference without your explicitly saying so.
DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words.Certainly you want to summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out differences in methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary.Don’t make one mistake typical of a novice APA-paper writer by stating overtly why you’re including a particular article (e.g., “This article is relevant to my study because…”).Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence. Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth.It is unnecessary to mention things such as the paper and pencil used to record the responses, the data recording sheet, the computer that ran the data analysis, the color of the computer, and so forth.Note that in some studies (e.g., questionnaire studies in which there are many measures to describe but the procedure is brief), it may be more useful to present the Procedure section prior to the Materials section rather than after it. (e.g., money, extra credit points) Write for a broad audience. 280...” Rather, write (for instance), “Students in a psychological statistics and research methods course at a small liberal arts college….” Try to avoid short, choppy sentences.Total number of participants (# women, # men), age range, mean and SD for age, racial/ethnic composition (if applicable), population type (e.g., college students). Combine information into a longer sentence when possible.The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad! Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Don’t put your readers to sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, “Past research has shown (blah blah blah)” They’ll be snoring within a paragraph! In other words, your intro shouldn’t read like a story of “Schmirdley did such-and-such in 1991. Then....(etc.)” First, brainstorm all of the ideas you think are necessary to include in your paper.Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas.It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing.(Note: on the title page, you actually write the words “Running head,” but these words do not appear on subsequent pages; just the actual running head does.