Rome Declaration on Geographical Education in Europe Geography recovers one hour in secondary schools in Italy (Technical-Professional Institutes). A., “Five Directions: An Essay in Maps and Captions”, New American Notes Online, 1, 1, 2011, https:///issues/issue1/five-directions-essay-maps-and-captions.
This is today’s positive result following the harsh penalisation that the subject underwent in the 2010-11 reform, thanks also to considerable international mobilisation (draft copy; this paper will be published in J-Reading 2/14). (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mapping and Cartography, London and New York, Routledge, 2018, pp.
Italy's modern state traces its mythological roots to the founding of the city of Rome in 753 B. More historically verified is the fact that the Romans engaged in territorial expansion and conquest of neighboring lands, devising effective colonization policies that ultimately sustained a widespread realm. C., Rome controlled all of the Italian peninsula and began moving outward into the Mediterranean basin. With its political integration shattered, the country remained fragmented until the late nineteenth century.
At its peak, the Roman empire extended from the British Isles to the Italian American immigrant laborers pose with the "first train" over the Trolley Road during the construction of the New Troy, Rensselaer & Pittsfield Electric Railway, through Lebanon Valley, New York. The Pax Romana began to crumble, however, by the end of the first century A. Italy was, in the view of many Europeans, a "mere geographic expression." Italy is a relatively young nation state, achieving full unification only during the Risorgimento of 1860-1870.
and Wood D., “Ce n’est pas le monde (This is not the world)”, in Dodge M., Kitchin R. (Eds.), Rethinking maps: New Frontiers of Cartographic Theory, London, Routledge, 2009, pp. Mohr R., “Territory, Landscape and Law in Three Images of the Basque Country”, in Taylor W. (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2009.
Webster D., “ ‘Already Sovereign as a People’: A Foundational Moment in West Papuan Nationalism”, Pacific Affairs, 74, 4, 2001-2002, pp. and Boria E.), and a series of screenshots capturing moments in the map’s life. and Labonte J., “Volunteered Geographic Information: The Nature and Motivation of Produsers”, International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 4, 2009, pp. Written on the spur of the moment and following the impulse to grasp in real time the rapid “movement” of a map and the spatial political statement it bears, this carto-essay al-ludes to questions such as the possibilities for a cartographic academic public engagement, the importance of feeling cartographic data in the public sphere, and the opportunity to provide progressive cartographic imageries of the nation. For more information This article revolves around a map titled Resistenze locali al Decreto Salvini [Local resistance to the Sal-vini decree], which was created with Open Street Map by geographer Cristina Del Biaggio on the 5th of January 2019. Duggan M., “Mapping Interfaces: An Ethnography of Everyday Digital Mapping Practices”, Ph. Dissertation, Royal Holloway University of London, 2017. The map aimed to dynamically visualise local protests arising against the new legislative de-cree on immigration and security approved by the Italian Senate in November 2018 (the so-called “Salvini decree”). M., “Researching Urban Space, Reflecting on Advertising: A Photo Essay”, Space & Culture, 14, 4, 2011, pp. Dorling D., “Human Geography: When it is Good to Map? Edensor T., “The London Olympics and the Lea Valley: A Photo Essay”, Space & Culture, 11, 3, 2008, pp. The hard-pressed peasantry shouldered an increased share of national expenses, while attempting to compete in markets dominated more and more by outside capitalist intrusions.These burdens only exacerbated existing problems of poor soil, absentee landlords, inadequate investment, disease, and high rates of illiteracy.Prior to this, the peninsula consisted of often mutually antagonistic kingdoms, duchies, city-states, and principalities.Some of these regions had a history of autonomous rule, while others came under the periodic control of foreign powers as a result of recurrent wars and shifting political alliances.Education beyond the third grade was out of the question....At eight or nine years of age, if not sooner, the peasant child is old enough to bend his neck to the yoke and fix his eyes upon the soil in which he must grub for bread.