Karl Marx Research Paper

Karl Marx Research Paper-66
Part of the problem with modern work is that it is incredibly specialised.

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We don’t want to be arbitrarily let go, we are terrified of being abandoned.

Marx knows we are expendable, it all depends on cost and need.

We ought to see him as a guide whose diagnosis of Capitalism’s ills helps us navigate towards a more promising future. He was descended from a long line of Rabbis, but his family converted to Christianity when he was six in order to assimilate with German society.

At the posh and prestigious University of Bonn, he racked up huge debts, was imprisoned for drunkenness and disturbing the peace, and got into a duel. Displeased, Marx’s father sent him to the more serious University of Berlin, where he joined a group of philosophers known as the Young Hegelians who were extremely sceptical of modern economics and politics.

When work feels meaningless, we suffer – even if the salary is a decent one.

Marx is making a first sketch of an answer to how we should reform the economy; we need an economic system that allows more of us to reduce suffering or increase pleasure.Yet we’re also often keen to dismiss the ideas of its most famous and ambitious critic, Karl Marx. In practice, his political and economic ideas have been used to design disastrously planned economies and nasty dictatorships. Openly Marxist parties received a total of only 1,685 votes in the 2010 UK general election, out of the nearly 40 million ballots cast.Frankly, the remedies Marx proposed for the ills of the world now sound a bit demented. Nevertheless, we shouldn’t reject Marx too quickly.In particular, he believed that capitalists shrunk the wages of the labourers as much as possible in order to skim off a wide profit margin (he called this “primitive accumulation” or in German .It was very difficult for the labourers to protest or alter their circumstances.These were some of the problems he identified with it: In order to be fulfilled at work, Marx wrote that workers need ‘to see themselves in the objects they have created’.At its best, labour offers us a chance to externalise what’s good inside us (let’s say, our creativity, our rigour, our logic), and to give it a stable, enduring form in some sort of object or service independent of us.Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow.It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. But it’s like wanting to ban gossip or forbid watching television. And Marx believed the world would be put to rights by a dictatorship of the proletariat; which does not mean anything much today.Soon Marx became involved with the Communist party, a tiny group of intellectuals advocating for the overthrow of the class system and the abolition of private property.He worked as a journalist and secretly became engaged to a wealthy young woman, Jenny von Westphalen.


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