Marcus Aurelius Meditations Essay

Marcus Aurelius Meditations Essay-74
The Roman institution of slavery, for example, seems to be in direct contradiction with his own ideals.Although Aurelius likely interacted with or benefited from the work of slaves daily while writing the Meditations on campaign, he makes little mention of this practice in his work.His available in several translations, expresses with great beauty and humanity a philosophy with a Stoic basis. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.

The Roman institution of slavery, for example, seems to be in direct contradiction with his own ideals.Although Aurelius likely interacted with or benefited from the work of slaves daily while writing the Meditations on campaign, he makes little mention of this practice in his work.His available in several translations, expresses with great beauty and humanity a philosophy with a Stoic basis. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.

He asks us to “[c]onsider how [we] stand in relation to [our companions], and how we were born to help one another.” Though a free Roman and a Roman slave obviously differed in their social positions, the Stoics thought it important to recognize that both were humans and both therefore deserved humane treatment.

But the Stoics seem to feel less direct sympathy than we might expect for their own fellow human beings, relegated to servitude under a human master.

He won a victory over the Marcomanni (167–168), which was commemorated by the Antonine column (Piazza Colonna, Rome), erected by his son and successor, Commodus.

Devoted to his duty and humanitarian in his conception of it, Marcus Aurelius was concerned with improving living conditions for the poor, particularly minors. A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic.

This is perhaps because they were more concerned with a very different kind of slavery: that of a free man to desire, emotion, or irrationality.

“Slavery” for the Stoics referred, rather, to an unacknowledged dependence on an external factor for internal tranquility and peace.Such servitude led man after man astray from his duties, suffering from a “disgraceful” irrationality and lack of wisdom.Following Seneca, Marcus Aurelius uses the same metaphor to describe how one’s mind may be dominated and enslaved by thoughts of an unhappy status quo or an uncertain future: “No longer allow [your ruling center] to act as a slave …The practice of slavery was prevalent throughout the Roman Empire at the time of Aurelius’ ascension.About 30 percent of the population of the city of Rome consisted of slaves. In urban Rome, those in servitude might be employed by the city to maintain public buildings or coordinate construction projects.Why would Aurelius not fight against slavery in the Roman Empire, given his strong commitment to his philosophy and the significant power he wielded?It may appear at first glance that Aurelius simply refused to consider any sort of action.Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina. From youth he was a diligent student and a zealous Stoic.With his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, as colleague, Marcus succeeded Antoninus in 161.He was always lenient with political criminals and tried to decrease the brutality at gladiatorial shows. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.He did, however, persecute the Christians, whom he regarded as natural enemies of the empire. A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic.

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