Ninety-Five Theses Summary

Ninety-Five Theses Summary-48
Luther illustrated the spiritual, material, and psychological truths behind abuses in the practice of buying and selling indulgences.

Luther illustrated the spiritual, material, and psychological truths behind abuses in the practice of buying and selling indulgences.

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Martin Luther did not intend the Thesis to be a program for reform, an attack on the Pope, etc. The purpose of the 95 Thesis was to invite local scholars to a disputation on indulgences.

He addressed a lot of hierarchy issues within the church.

Indulgences were the commutation for money of part of the temporal penalty due for sin—i.e., the practical satisfaction that was a part of the sacrament of penance.

They were granted on papal authority and made available through accredited agents.

Luther argued that the Church should not sell indulgences.

Because many people agreed, Luther became very popular, paving the way for the Protestant Reformation.

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Ordinarily, Luther’s theses would have been of interest only to professional theologians, but various political and religious situations of the time, and the fact that printing had been invented, combined to make the theses known throughout Germany within a few weeks.

Luther did not give them to the people, although he did send copies to the Archbishop of Mainz and to the Bishop of Brandenburg.

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