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PERSON 2: It is unethical to destroy human embryos for the purposes of research because doing so destroys human embryos that are human beings and could otherwise have developed and grown like every other human being.
The survey involved 1,003 American adults, and has a margin of error of /- 3.1%. asily the most unusual and outstanding characteristic of public views on the stem cell and embryo research issues is a self-reported lack of familiarity with the facts.
In other arenas of policy and politics, even when people don’t know much about a prominent public subject they tend not to perceive or report their own ignorance.
Switching topics now, as you may know, in vitro fertilization, or IVF, is the process of creating human embryos in a laboratory, by combining a sperm and an egg.
The process results in a human embryo which can then be implanted in a mother’s womb to develop to birth, frozen for later transfer to a mother, or discarded or used for research purposes (and then destroyed).
This lack of basic knowledge and confidence means that people are uncertain of the facts and the issues at stake, so that how the subject is framed makes an enormous difference in shaping judgments about policy preferences.
For instance, when presented as a very general matter, stem cell research is quite popular.ur political debates about stem cell research in recent years have stood in a peculiar relation to public opinion.Rather than seek to marshal public sentiment, or even quite build public support, all sides have wanted to claim a preexisting bedrock of widely shared attitudes backing their favored policy outcome.“By the latest poll,” Senator Dianne Feinstein (D.-Cal.) told her colleagues on the Senate floor in 2006, “72 percent of Americans support stem cell research.” Her colleague Senator Sam Brownback (R.-Kans.), meanwhile, argued in the same debate that a large majority of Americans oppose all human cloning.The Coalition for the Advancement of Medical Research argues that seven in ten Americans want to eliminate restrictions on public funding of embryonic stem cell research, while the Conference of Catholic Bishops points to a poll showing six in ten oppose such funding altogether.In all of these scenarios, the American public is taken to be moved by clear and strong opinions on the vexed questions of stem cell research, human cloning, and related practices just past the horizon.But attempts to actually study these views, and to pin down the meaning of the large majorities cited by the various parties to the political arguments, have been vanishingly rare.This is how most of the polls that assert massive support for embryonic stem cell research present the question.But of course, posed this way the question does not distinguish between stem cells obtained in different ways (and indeed it is sensible to assume that those who expressed opposition in response to this question believed they were being asked about embryonic stem cells, although the survey does not allow us to know that with confidence).To the best of your knowledge, which, if any, of the following types of stem cells have actually resulted in a cure or treatment for any diseases? Multiple responses were accepted.] In fact, professed familiarity with stem cell research in the prior question turned out to be a leading indicator of actual ignorance with respect to this question of therapeutic uses.Almost 40% of those who claimed some knowledge about the research in the earlier question believed, incorrectly, that embryonic stem cells had yielded therapeutic results, compared to only 23% of those who said they were unfamiliar with the research.