For example, imagine you're trying to log in to an email account you haven't accessed in a while.
Heuristics don't guarantee a correct solution, but they do simplify complex problems and reduce the total number of solutions that we'll try in order to get to a more manageable number.
Since heuristics are so common, let's talk about a few different ones that work for different types of problems. This heuristic means that we analyze the main problem and break it down into smaller problems.
Problems can be generally broken down into two categories; well-defined problems and ill-defined problems.
Well-defined problems have a clear starting and ending point, such as how to make it bright in a room that's currently dark.
And that creates another group of subproblems, which you solve one at a time, usually starting with the biggest one. Now, with means-end analysis, we were trying to work from our current state toward our goal state.
With working backwards however, you start with your goal state and use it to suggest connections back to your current state.Usually though, we don't have time to try every possible solution, so a more common method of solving problems is to use some sort of heuristic.A heuristic is a mental shortcut that allows us to find a solution more quickly than the other two methods we've talked about so far.And with trial and error, you're not necessarily keeping track of what you've already done, so you could get lucky and hit on the right password early, or it could take a very, very long time.A more methodical approach would be to use the algorithm strategy.You know exactly what you're starting with and exactly how you wanna end up.Ill-defined problems, on the other hand, have a more ambiguous starting and or ending point, such as how to live a happy life.If you did solve that problem, try to think about how the solution came to you.You probably didn't do a series of step-by-step arrangements of matches, and the heuristics we've talked about don't quite work.Most people get stuck on thinking about this problem in a two-dimensional way. The answer, though, requires you to think about the problem in three dimensions.You need to create a triangle pyramid with the six matches in order to form four equilateral triangles.