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By examining the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, you can thus make sure you adopt the most appropriate methods, data sources and analytical techniques for your own work.The significance of any results you achieve will depend to some extent on how they compare to those reported in the existing literature.Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographies, Avoiding plagiarism, Writing a dissertation, What is critical reading? The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.
The paper identifies a lack of quantitative studies investigating the effects of PO on organizational performance. https://doi.org/10.1108/14637151011017985 Download as .
The findings are derived from a comprehensive literature review of studies that have investigated the PO‐organizational performance link.
If your results are different, though, you’ll need to discuss why and whether the difference is important.
This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported.
A crucial part of this is formulating a theoretical framework, which comprises the concepts and theories that your work is based upon and against which its success will be judged.
Conducting a literature review before beginning research also lets you see how similar studies have been conducted in the past.
A total of 26 studies are identified that report about effects of PO on organizational performance.
Studies where positive effects are obtained are predominant.
When you come to write up your findings, your literature review will therefore provide a crucial point of reference.
If your results replicate past research, for instance, you can say that your work supports existing theories.