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Good for: First developed in 1981 although has been revised with increasing complexity up until 1997-ish. Involves critically evaluating your assumptions and deep reflection. Reflection on content is shallow, but progresses to reflection on process and reflection on premise which leads to deeper reflection, leading to personal development.Mezirow states reflection is only helpful if it leads to a transformation in self or learning from a dilemma.
Criticisms are: May be too complicated for a beginner who is new to reflection.
Good for: Organisational model, examines situations in context of the environment.
Suitable when person is motivated for self directed learning.
Criticisms are: covers four different view points so not the most suitable if you wan to look at an area in depth from one angle.
Active Experimentation - (AE) And there is a four-type definition of learning styles: 1.
If you picture a graph with a horizontal and vertical line an a... Convergers (AC/AE) Accommodators are those who prefer concrete experiences for inputting information and active experimentation for processing information.The three stages of the model ask you to consider, in turn, what happened, the implications of the occurrence, and the consequences for future conduct. (2010) suggest a series of questions which may spring from the initial three; these may be used to refine reflective thinking and isolate the key elements of the situation or occurrence so that they can be understood in more detail: This is the element of Rolfe's cycle which is concerned with synthesising information and insight, considering what to do differently in the future and so be prepared for what might be done if similar situations present themselves again. The core advantages of the Rolfe model relate to its simplicity and clarity.The ability to reflect on your experience and knowledge, and use that to make improvements, is a key part of university-level thinking and work.David Kolb published his learning styles theory, in 1984, after many years of development. Provides prompt questions that are easy to follow, and can be used in any order (although they follow a natural progression). Based on Carper’s (1978) four types of knowing -empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic- Johns adds a fifth one – reflexivity- to create his model.Criticisms are: The prompt questions aren’t rigidly structured which could be confusing for someone inexperienced to know which ones could be omitted and which are salient for their particular reflection.Gillie Bolton suggests exercises for creative ways to reflect in her book Reflective Practice: Writing and Professional Development (chapter 4). Basic, good starting point, six distinctive stages.Makes you aware of all the stages you go through when experiencing an event.His theory stated that people learn in two different steps, inputting information and processing information. Think of inputting information on a vertical line, one person may prefer concrete examples at the top and abstract concepts at the bottom. Processing information is on a horizontal line with active experimentation on the left and reflective observation on the right.