Research Paper On Hurricane Katrina

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Research has also shown that extreme weather conditions have increased in both frequency and intensity over the last few decades with the number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes in the Atlantic increasing since 1980.Besides the physical damage to the city, the economic damages were just as severe.Katrina is expected to have caused over 0 billion in monetary losses and billion in insured losses.At the time, New Orleans was ranked among the most socially vulnerable in the nation with Orleans Parish having ranked in the top 97 percentile of social vulnerability for almost four decades (Cutter & Gall, 2006).Even when compared to other counties affected by the hurricane, New Orleans still ranked highly and this is evidenced by 75% of African American residents suffering damage in New Orleans as compared to 15% of African Americans in the Biloxi-Gulfport metropolitan area.The water filled the lakes and canals surrounding New Orleans and these waters poured into the city, flooding at least 80 percent of it with water 10 feet deep in some locations. Bernard Parish where more than 40,000 homes were flooded.These waters caused the deaths of 1300 people, with 1,000 of these fatalities having occurred in Louisiana alone.Poverty was not the only issue at play as gender and social decline also prevailed.As an example, the most affected homes were those headed by single mothers.Educational institutions were also temporarily closed as did many hospitals which became flooded.In the immediate aftermath of the hurricane tens of thousands of people were evacuated to other parts of the nation but even after the hurricane had subsided the city continued bleeding people, losing about 30% of its population over a period of 10 years after the hurricane.

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