Rwandan Genocide Essay

Rwandan Genocide Essay-55
In this essay I will briefly describe the history of the conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi, the 100 days of genocide in 1994, and the affects of the massacre on the economy and the people of Rwanda.

In this essay I will briefly describe the history of the conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi, the 100 days of genocide in 1994, and the affects of the massacre on the economy and the people of Rwanda.

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While neither universally accepted nor legally binding, the notion of a “˜responsibility to protect’ (R2P) decisively entered the lexicon of international relations. In authorizing intervention in Darfur in 2006, the UN Security Council took the unprecedented step of explicitly invoking R2P.

Its normative power is reflected in the more robust mandates of UN peacekeeping missions since Rwanda.

“[I]f humanitarian intervention is, indeed, an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should we respond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica””to gross and systematic violations of human rights that offend every precept of our common humanity?

” A year later, in a paradigm-shifting answer, an international commission re-cast state sovereignty as responsibility rather than control.

An estimated one-in-five ethnic Hutu men committed violence during the genocide.

My own research suggests this remarkable level of popular participation may be traced in part to Rwanda’s high population density.In a landmark judgment, the Prosecutor vs Akayesu, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda recognized rape, if intended to destroy a group, as a ground for genocide.Rwanda’s violence has also generated much research and taught us much about ethnic conflict and genocide.Eventually, though, the Rwandan Patriotic Front defeated the militias and the Rwandan army, and the genocide ended.Rwanda’s genocide, twenty years ago this month, symbolizes the zenith of ethnic violence in Africa and international indifference toward it. It is true that mass atrocity is still not a ghost of the past and international inaction in the face of it is still not an unthinkable choice.Through these elements necessary for genocide, the killing began on April 6, 1994.Checkpoints were set up, covering the major routes and borders around Rwanda.With help from Hutu extremists, hate propaganda, sub-humanization of Tutsi, firearms, and machetes were distributed among the Hutu citizens.The extremists assassinated the president for fear of giving in to the Rwandan Patriotic Front's demands.Rwanda has also become a cautionary tale for international mediators about the risks of using democratization as a strategy for ending civil wars.Multipartyism brought ethnic extremism to the forefront of Rwandan politics.

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