‘When I arrived,’ Elliott recounted, ‘dead animals were still on streets, there was still a tang in the air from the gas, and the funeral pyres were still burning.’ In the early 1980s, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was promoting foreign investment in India.Union Carbide brought in a new pesticide, supposedly harmless to humans, for the farmers of India.
Appendix G uses excerpts from legal proceedings to create "Contrasting Views of Responsibility for the Bhopal Disaster" and to assess the levels of responsibility for engineers and scientists involved in the UCC and Bhopal Plant.
Appendix H uses IEEE and ASME Codes of Ethics to assess what levels of responsibility professional societies consider managers to have.
Little, Inc., determined that the water could only have been introduced into the tank deliberately, since process safety systems -- in place and operational -- would have prevented water from entering the tank by accident. Were the valves faulty on the MIC tanks at the plant? Furthermore, process safety systems -- in place and operational -- would have prevented water from entering the tank by accident. Why didn’t the plant’s safety systems contain the leak? Based on several investigations, the safety systems in place could not have prevented a chemical reaction of this magnitude from causing a leak.
In designing the plant's safety systems, a chemical reaction of this magnitude was not factored in for two reasons: 5.
Includes seven detailed appendices: A.) Chronology, B.) Stakeholders and Level of Responsibility, C.) Economic/industrial climate of India, D.) Union Carbide Corporation, E.) Issues in Chemical Processing, F.) Assessing Responsibility: The Legal/Regulatory System, G.) Assessing Responsibility: The Engineers and Scientists, and H.) Technical Expertise and Managerial Responsibility.
The situation summary is a 7 page document detailing the industrial accident at the Union Carbide factory in India that immediately killed 2,000 people, injured another 200,000 to 300,000 more, and immediately raised questions about plant safety and corporate responsibility around the world.
This caused a chemical reaction that forced the pressure release valve to open and allowed the gas to leak.
An initial investigation by UCC showed that a large volume of water had been introduced into the MIC tank.