Sociology Essay On Functionalism

Sociology Essay On Functionalism-39
(Schools thus have an important economic function).Durkhiem argued that school was an efficient way of teaching individuals these diverse skills while at the same time teaching them to co-operate with each-other – schools thus instilled a sense of organic solidarity, or solidarity based on difference and interdependency, with school being one of the only institutions which could do both of these functions simultaneously within the context of a national economy.

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Sociology Essay On Functionalism Francis Bacon Essays Summary Of Discourse

Functionalists also believe that a successful society has a stable social structure, in which different institutions perform unique functions that contribute to the maintenance of the whole – in the same way that the different organs of the body perform different functions to keep a human being healthy.Functionalism has received criticism for neglecting the negative functions of an event, such as divorce.Critics also claim that the perspective justifies the status quo and complacency on the part of society's members.Finally there is the fact there is such a huge diversity of schools (faith schools, private schools, home education) that surely education is too fragmented and divided for it to promote true solidarity at the national level – to the extent that postmodernists suggested there is no such thing as a unified culture anymore.POINT 2: A second function of education, again according to Durkhiem, is that schools teach individuals the specialist skills for work, which is crucial in a complex, modern industrial economy.In a successful or ‘healthy’ society, for example, social life is organised so that the family socialises the young and meets emotional needs, school teaches us broader life skills, the workplace is where we contribute the economy.Functionalists generally believe institutions perform positive functions (they do good things for the individual and society).Functionalism does not encourage people to take an active role in changing their social environment, even when such change may benefit them.Instead, functionalism sees active social change as undesirable because the various parts of society will compensate naturally for any problems that may arise.According to the functionalist perspective of sociology, each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society's stability and functioning as a whole.For example, the government provides education for the children of the family, which in turn pays taxes on which the state depends to keep itself running.


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