Thesis About Learning English Language

In Cook (2000) Acquisition/Learning Hypothesis, he draws a clear line between "acquisition" and "learning".

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Because of that, to motivate students efficiently is the most recurrent and essential concerns of teachers.

The research on leaning motivation mow has become a hot issue in the area of foreign language teaching.

Motivation is the most important factor among age, personality and motivation which affect the Second Language Acquisition chiefly (Cook, 2000). Motivation is defined as "the choices people make as to what experiences or goals they will approach or avoid and the degree of effort they will exert in this respect" (Keller, 1983).

Ellis (1994) considers motivation as the exertion which learners contribute into learning a L2 as a result of their need or desire to learn it.

Specifically, for language learning motivation can be understood as learners’ orientation with regard to the goal of learning a second language.

As Wilkins (1972) points out that "motivation is a term which occurs in discussion of the second rather than the first language learning".Lightbrown and Spada (1993) define motivation in SLA as "a complex phenomenon which can be defined in term of two factors: learners’ communicative needs and their attitude towards the second language community".They assert that learners will be motivated to acquire understanding in community when they recognize the need to speak the second language in order to communicate or to fulfil professional ambitions.According to Wong (2003), teachers’ personality, behaviour and teaching methods would impact on students’ learning process strongly.If the students are not motivated well, it would be a challenging task for the teacher.Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation to engage in an activity for its own purpose.People who are motivated work on tasks intrinsically because they find them enjoyable.Moreover, whether can carry out tasks successfully or not also effects students’ level of motivation and capacities to succeed in learning the target language.Other learning situation is which teachers influence students to learn the language.And instrumental motivation means the desire to acquire a foreign language to find out employment or improve their self-cultivation or improve the social status (Dörnyei, 2001; Gardner & Lambert, 1972).There are another two types of motivation: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation (Deci & Ryan, 1985).


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