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This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, Ph D.There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.It is important to both use quotations effectively and cite them properly to write an effective paper and avoid plagiarizing. Each style (MLA, APA, etc) has its own guidelines for how to cite a quote.
For instance, you may not need to cite a reference to Piaget’s developmental stages in a paper for an education class or give a source for your description of a commonly used method in a biology report—but you must be sure that this information is so widely known within that field that it will be shared by your readers. And in the case of both general and field-specific common knowledge, if you use the exact words of the reference source, you must use quotation marks and credit the source.
In general, use direct quotations only if you have a good reason. Also, it’s often conventional to quote more extensively from sources when you’re writing a humanities paper, and to summarize from sources when you’re writing in the social or natural sciences–but there are always exceptions.
Ideas: An author’s ideas may include not only points made and conclusions drawn, but, for instance, a specific method or theory, the arrangement of material, or a list of steps in a process or characteristics of a medical condition.
If a source provided any of these, you need to acknowledge the source.
Download this Handout PDF College writing often involves integrating information from published sources into your own writing in order to add credibility and authority–this process is essential to research and the production of new knowledge.
However, when building on the work of others, you need to be careful not to plagiarize: “to steal and pass off (the ideas and words of another) as one’s own” or to “present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.”1 The University of Wisconsin–Madison takes this act of “intellectual burglary” very seriously and considers it to be a breach of academic integrity. These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.You should indent the first line of each paragraph an extra quarter inch.Then, use ellipses (…) at the end of one paragraph to transition to the next.Using a direct quote in your essay is a great way to support your ideas with concrete evidence, which you need to support your thesis.To select a good quote, look for a passage that supports your argument and is open to analysis.A research paper can be made stronger through the use of quotations.You may use quotes when you need to cite a key piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument through another writer's work, or highlight a term of art.Quote Help Using Different Types of Quotes Formatting Your Quotes Quoting in Different Styles Quoting Successfully Show 2 more... Article Summary Questions & Answers Related Articles References This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, Ph D.Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas.Field-specific common knowledge is “common” only within a particular field or specialty.It may include facts, theories, or methods that are familiar to readers within that discipline.