By 1871, there were three major movements that took the nation by storm: the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women, the Committee for Obtaining the Admission of Women to University Examinations, and the National Union for the Education of Girls of All Classes above the Elementary.
The participants of the Women’s Movement attempted to teach girls more of the trades in hopes of their inclusion in the trade and manufacturing industry.
However, women were not paid nearly as much as men, this only worsening the effects for men.
Now that women were performing many roles which were formerly done by males, men began to struggle with keeping their positions from the female labourers.
The inability of a father to provide for his wife and children resulted in the mother finding employment.
The children of these many families were often left to fend for themselves or each other while their parents made a living.They began to band together in the shape of unions in order to protect themselves from women taking their positions for a cheaper wage.The lives of children in the eighteenth and nineteenth century were also impacted.As mentioned in Child Labour and the British Industrial Revolution, the most probable way the industrial revolution caused child labour was by causing many parents to encourage their children to work.The most likely way the industrial revolution could have increased the exploitation of children was by inducing more parents to exploit their children.They attempted to teach “glass-painting, glass-engraving, illuminating, gilding, art-engraving, china-painting, plan-tracing and wood-carving” in forms of apprenticeships, lectures and classes.Eventually, local political leaders began to take the many women who participated in the movements much more seriously and made the female cause a part of the administrative agenda.This was not the case, however, for the many children who joined the workforce with their mothers.Although the Victorian Era was characterized by the appreciation of the purity and innocence of children, child labour greatly increased during this time as a direct result of the industrial revolution and its provision of employment to women.That many parents did indeed greedily neglect the welfare of their children is beyond the question…There are many recorded instances of the economic exploitation of children during the first half of the nineteenth century.Children became yet another source of income, and presented the family with more economic freedom; especially with a son or daughter who was old enough to have a full-time employment.