Together they lead to five times the non-smoking heart attack risk in those who use both conventional cigarettes and e-cigarettes every day.
“The finding of increased heart attack risk for e-cigarette use, in addition to the risks of any smoking, is particularly troubling, because most people who use e-cigarettes continue to smoke cigarettes,” said senior author Stanton Glantz, Ph D, who presented the work.
It works closely with the UCSF Library's efforts to collect and preserve previously secret tobacco industry documents, such as those available at the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (
5740 Issued in September 1996 NBER Program(s): Health Economics This paper examines effectiveness of several tobacco control policies in discouraging cigarette smoking among youths.
Site specific cigarette prices and measures of tobacco related policies are added to the survey data.
The results indicate that tobacco control policies can be effective in reducing youth cigarette smoking.
Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, Bib Te X Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5740 Published: Published as "Price, Tobacco Control Policies and Smoking Among Young Adults", Journal of Health Economics, Vol.
Daily use of electronic cigarettes is associated with nearly a doubling of the odds of a heart attack, according to a new study led by UC San Francisco.
Getting information on timing requires longitudinal studies in which people are followed forward in time, often for many years.
These studies take a long time to do (because you have to wait for time to pass) and are much more expensive to do than cross-sectional studies.