It focused more broadly on how students at elite private high schools cope with the combined pressures of school work, college applications, extracurricular activities, and parents’ expectations.That study, which appeared in Frontiers in Psychology, noted serious health effects for high schoolers, such as chronic stress, emotional exhaustion, and alcohol and drug use.Experts continue to debate the benefits and drawbacks of homework.
Many students felt forced or obligated to choose homework over developing other talents or skills."Our findings on the effects of homework challenge the traditional assumption that homework is inherently good," said Denise Pope, Ph D, a senior lecturer at the Stanford University School of Education, and a co-author of a study.
A smaller New York University study published in 2015 noted similar findings.
Research suggests that when students are pushed to handle a workload that’s out of sync with their development level, it can lead to significant stress — for children and their parents.
Both the National Education Association (NEA) and the National PTA (NPTA) support a standard of “10 minutes of homework per grade level” and setting a general limit on after-school studying.
In addition, it's been easier for their children to participate in after-school activities.
In 2013, research conducted at Stanford University found that students in high-achieving communities who spend too much time on homework experience more stress, physical health problems, a lack of balance in their lives, and alienation from society.In the Stanford study, many students said that they often did homework they saw as "pointless" or "mindless." Pope, who co-authored that study, argued that homework assignments should have a purpose and benefit, and should be designed to cultivate learning and development.It’s also important for schools and teachers to stick to the 10-minutes per grade standard.The research involved a series of interviews with students, teachers, and administrators, as well as a survey of a total of 128 juniors from two private high schools.About half of the students said they received at least three hours of homework per night.To conduct the study, researchers surveyed more than 4,300 students at 10 high-performing high schools in upper middle-class California communities.They also interviewed students about their views on homework.The Washington Post reported in 2016 that some parents have just instructed their younger children not to do their homework assignments.They report the no-homework policy has taken the stress out of their afternoons and evenings.They reported having little time for relaxing or creative activities.More than two-thirds of students said they used alcohol and drugs, primarily marijuana, to cope with stress.