This style involves sources being "briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and year of publication" with the parenthetical citations corresponding to "an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided." The manual provides extensive examples of how to cite different types of works (e.g.books, journal articles, websites, etc.) using both citation styles.Part 3 of the manual "addresses matters of spelling, punctuation, abbreviation, and treatment of numbers, names, special terms, and titles of works." This part also provides guidance on including quotations from different sources as well as the formatting of tables and figures.
Citation formats are based on standards as of July 2010.
Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published.
Part II provides an overview of citation practices with detailed information on the two main scholarly citation styles (notes-bibliography and author-date), an array of source types with contemporary examples, and detailed guidance on citing online resources.
The final section treats all matters of editorial style, with advice on punctuation, capitalization, spelling, abbreviations, table formatting, and the use of quotations. Williams, ©1995, 2003, 2008 by The University of Chicago; and The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, ©2010 by The University of Chicago"--Title page verso.
Here writers will find advice on a wide range of topics, including punctuation, table formatting, and use of quotations.
The appendix draws together everything writers need to know about formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and preparing them for submission.
The notes-bibliography style (also known as the "notes and bibliography style" or "notes style") is "popular in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts." This style has sources cited in "numbered footnotes or endnotes" with "each note correspond[ing] to a raised (superscript) number in the text." This style also uses a separate bibliography at the end of the document, listing each of the sources.
The more-concise author-date style (sometimes referred to as the "reference list style") is more common in the physical, natural, and social sciences.
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press.
The work is often referred to as "Turabian" (after the work's original author, Kate L.