Once the reader knows which edition of a text you are using, the only information necessary to document a quotation is a line or page number; the format varies slightly depending on the kind of work you are quoting: For poems whose lines are numbered consecutively, from beginning to end, just use line numbers: Note too that since the parenthetical documentation must be considered part of the sentence containing the quoted material to which it refers, it must come after quotation marks but before terminal punctuation (commas, periods, and such at the end of clauses).
Thus: Besides mechanical correctness, you should strive for two other goals in your use of quotations: efficiency and grace.
Periods and commas, whether or not they are part of the quoted material, always go inside the closing quotation marks: Prose quotations that are longer than 4 lines or verse quotations of more than 3 lines should be set off in block format.
The text remains double-spaced, with no extra lines before or after the quotation.
As a rule, introduce quotations with a specific reference to their context--either events in the story, or ideas in the paragraph.
Never introduce a quotation with just a line or page number: Quote only as much of the text as is necessary to make your point.If I used ellipses to shorten the above poem, it would work nicely with quotation marks: “It’s when I’m weary of considerations, / And life is too much like a pathless wood . Prepare your homeschool teens by teaching them to be above board as a writer—including how to use direct quotes in essays and research papers.If a student uses someone else’s idea, he can avoid plagiarism by quoting their words or mentioning their name.Too many can give the impression that a writer is lazy, trying to fill the page with words that are not his own.Consider this block quotation from Robert Frost’s poem “Birches”: It’s when I’m weary of considerations, And life is too much like a pathless wood Where your face burns and tickles with the cobwebs Broken across it, and one eye is weeping From a twig’s having lashed across it open. .”Plagiarism is a growing concern in colleges and universities across the nation.Don't quote several lines to establish the context of a single important line.Don't quote big chunks of the text to make your paper look long.I’m not talking about tossing one or two overused, ancient proverbs or a boring dictionary definition in the intro paragraph. In high school, our homeschooled teens meet new expectations, such as studying source texts and creating their own unique opinion (a thesis statement).Students must use solid evidence to defend every point in a thesis statement. A journalist may make strong assertions, such as: Now the writer has offered evidence.In high school English essays, block quotes are effectively used to write about drama and poetry.Like dessert, block quotes should be served occasionally.